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agneda for the new government
(continued from part one)
one of the recurring theme of the indian polity is the concern for the weaker sections of the public., ever since india became independent, the scope of such concern has been widening. starting with reservations for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, it got extended to 'other backward classes', women and now clamour is being made for religious minorities. new groups want to join the category and some are given the benefit without even their asking for it. commissions are set up for redressal of their grievances corporations are set up for special financing for them. whether they have been able to make any contribution to their advancement or betterment is never analyzed because it does not suit them. tailor made committees are set up to report as per the political wishes. a very old example (old is chosen so that it does not generate passions) was that of 'committee for promotion of urdu'. obviously if you want to promote urdu, it is simple, make it the official language so everyone has to learn it. put it in all the schools and universities. it will ensure promotion. the actual question should have been 'what should be the status of urdu in indian polity' or, better still, 'what should be the role of various languages in indian polity'. as it is, the recommendations of the committee were kept pending, not implemented because they were impractical, not rejected because it might anger a section of the population. they had to die a natural death in due course, unfortunately taking along with them some useful recommendations also.
what is the solution? we all swear by the dictum 'in democracy everyone is equal'. then why create divisions. why not let backwardness be the only criteria. abolish all partisan commissions and corporations and set up one need based corporation. let it administer various schemes for upliftment. there is a human rights commission. expand it. let it look after all the citizens. no discrimination, no disrespect, no prejudgments. let law be applied and applied vigorously. obviously the states shall follow the same principles. these commissions (human rights) should not be enquiry commissions. unfortunately presently they get complaints and dispose off complaints. they do not go into the reasons for the discrimination. they do not suggest ways and means to improve the lot of the category involved. since they are involved in treating cases of complaints, they become fertile ground for litigation. a corollary is that they are headed by retired judges who are assisted (sic) by the lawyers. by nature of their work, these retired judges are used to look at situations from case to case. in this they miss the woods because they are looking for the trees. saving a tree is good but saving a forest is more worthwhile. planning the expansion of forest is even more useful. the human rights commissions should work on these lines headed by anyone who can deliver the goods, not by a specified category of people.
should reservations be done away with? easier said than done. vested interests have developed and would not allow it. but gradually introduce the economic factor in it so that as economic status goes up, more and more people are out of it. a stage would be reached when it would be meaningless for a caste as such to ask for addition to the reservation category. with commitment to better the lot of all indians and sustained work for it would be the final solution.
it should not be understood that special schemes for special categories are not required. old age pension and health insurance schemes for the old people is one such category and one such scheme. there will be many others.
another important and pressing task before the government would be to combat extremism of all categories. the negotiations with them would be the best way of dealing with the situation. recall the story of the king who swore to his minister that he will wipe off the enemy this time. on the battlefield he offered honourable terms to his opponent and a treaty was concluded. when the minister reminded him of his oath, the king replied that he had done it. 'where is the enemy now', he asked, 'they are friends'. that can be one way of dealing with the enemy. but there are some groups whose aim is to destroy the state, there can be no compromise with them. they have to be eliminated and no force shall be excessive in their case. building up resistance amongst the dwellers of the area concerned will be essential part of the combat. let this be understood by all, especially by these groups and their fifth columnists in society. anyone who, intentionally or unwittingly, helps them is to be counted as being for them, this should be the criteria. no witch hunting is necessary but no soft approach either. special laws may be necessary to meet this menace but it cannot be helped. human rights commissions can check on misuse of the special laws but cannot and should not exceed their brief.
the task kept back up to now but which was in the forefront of the election campaign is corruption. allied is the subject of parallel economy and of ill-gotten money stacked abroad. right after the independence was the cry that the corrupt will be hanged by the lamp post. no such hanging took place. instead favourites were protected. the rot spread from top to bottom and every citizen is affected. the crescendo against it arose and was so loud that the government were forced to acknowledge it and make moves to combat it. half hearted moves, but verbal commitments could not be held back. it will be keenly observed how far is the new dispensation sincere in their effort. it would not require new laws, merely the determination to implement the law, and quickly too. the moneybags should not be able to delay the denouement indefinitely.
as mentioned above, parallel moves will have to be made to remove the basic causes of the parallel economy. there is a promise to simplify the tax laws. simultaneously, there should be lowering of the rates to encourage proper disclosure of the income and the value of property. as an example the registration fees for the transfer of property should be two or three percent only (including stamp duty). the penalty for withholding the correct value should be so heavy that others are deterred. once again the speed shall matter. the public should be able to link the punishment to the detection. one should not learn from the newspapers that 'the person who was about to be convicted for falsehood committed some twenty years back died in the hospital yesterday lamented by his heirs who stand to gain millions from his ill gotten legacy'.
the tasks before the government are a legion and cannot be covered in any single write-up, however long it may be. each issue is to be tackled as it arises. so long as it is with the intentions 'india first' and 'welfare of the people'. there can be no problems.
In short your above 10 point agenda for new Government may be listed as under-
(1) Money expends /pumped in the society on the public’s social uplift without demand
(2) Money expends or pumped in the society in providing subsidy on supply of Agro Inputs & development of alternative sources of Energy or energy saving devices or for tree plantation that too without actual demand raised by its developer or user
(3) Money expends or pumped in the society through annual & Capital & Revenue budgeting of social scheme for its expenditure by end of each financial year as to meet financial target . Maintenance of capital item in subsequent year was also not budgeted to improve its usefulness throughout its life.
(4) Money expends or pumped in the society for Capital & Revenue expenditure on Education to meet the planned quantities of school without any emphasis for ensuring on its quality of of education.
(5) Money expends or pumped in the society for free supply of plant & Machineries to tribal without its actual demand.
(6) Reform of Judiciary
(7) Law Maker reform
(8) Money expends /pumped in the society on Caste or minorities criteria for its transformation instead of equality to all. Only financial & educational backwardness to be the criteria for human development index
(9) Management of Extremists
(10) Management of BLACK MONEY (PARRELLEL ECONOMY)
Though all the above points are very mush relevent but result of election results when deleberated in NATIONAL TVs shows by the top professionals of various field coccluded as under-
Mr Modi lead BJP has won the election due to following three reasons-
(1) Price riase
(2) Unemployment of existing youth
(3) Loss of confidence in the UPA governemt
The cause of price rise of Consumer & Industrial products are- High interest Rates, Corruption and Pumping of Money in the Society as metioned by you vide point No 1-5 above as well as MANAGEMENT of BLACK MONEY.
(2) Unemployment is due to poor Labour Laws as well unproductive youth-
Therefore to my mind the AGENDA for new Government is to be as under-
(1) Improve Agriculture & Industrial Production to generate more wealth by improving supply of Agricultural Inputs its correct prices than subsideised prices
(2) Improve human Productivities with job oriented education and with improved labour laws.
(3) Transformation of ATTITUDE of GOVERMNENT & PUBLIC both.
(4) Joint Particiaption of PUBLIC & GOVERNMENT - RIGHT of the Public is the Duties of THe Government where as the RIGHT of the GOVERNMENT is the duties of the PUBLIC.
Thank & Regard
Why Mr Modi and BJP won? There must be many reasons:
1) BJP noted at least 18 months ago that the public was literally fed up with Corruption in the UPA at the Centre and their ruled States, and was unable to control or explain the same, at the highest levels in GOI.
2) The youth (Voters for the first time--150 million or thereabouts) saw how the country was being run, with a dual structure-- PM & his Cabinet and the NAC with Advisors & hand-picked NGO Reps. which in fact had a bigger say, and the said NAC was headed by the High Command of the Congress Party, with her son as the Vice President.
3) The young and most intelligent & very forward looking MPs & Ministers in UPA-II lacked confidence and seemed to stay mum, where good, solid views and advice to the Vice President, plus more challenges provided to them could have made a difference.
4) Dr Manmohan Singh the PM functioned, especially so in the course of his last 24-36 months, more as a recluse than the front leader of the GOI and the said ruling Party. Inability to explain what the media in all languages and the TV channels tended to get more critical---esp. where the prices of food & consumer goods, industry getting to be low in productivity, Home Ministry ill-run, and changes made in the Finance Ministry that created its massive problems.
5) One-track mind and repetitive criticism of Mr Modi that became a crescendo as the Elections came nearer, including phrases like "butcher of Gujerat" etc., left a feeling that the "system + dynastic leadership in power" had found a reason/propoganda that did not cut any ice -- the public at large.
6) The above all, and more made it most confusing and difficult for the Congress which is why it could not do any better in States where they had been ruling, nothing to say of the others like UP, Bihar, Tamilnadu, West Bengal or Odisha.
7) The rise of AAP in the elections in Delhi left a massive blow, including its fall within 49 days of taking over. (And it was ad libbed that AAP came into power with a quiet support of the Congress Party right under its HQs the Centre!
7) The lawlessness, tragic cases of rape right at the Centre, and its inability to take a lead in peoples' movements all over-- left a very sad blot on the image of Party over 120 years old! Including the way the young VP Rahul Gandhi handled himself, publicly in tearing documents hurting the image of the Premier who was negotiating with the US President and others in Washington D.C.
Many more resons can be recorded -- like inability of the Congress Party to handle the social media, the way they continued to ad lib "secularism" with no great sense of conviction, at all. That is why even in States like UP it cut such a sorry figure--nothing to say of Bihar, where their ally, and a Minister (earlier) w as in jail--!
Finally, the public is attuned to know very well what is true and what is not and sees through put on acts of bluff talk, bordering on chicanery.
Ad libbing MNREGA or the ADHAAR Card cut no ice-- as the results showed in a most dramatic way!
devinder das chopra/UN Retiree. 16 th June 2014.
- Devinder Das Chopra